Saranda Municipality

Saranda is one of the richest ecosystems with double affects on the land and sea regarding development of tourism, thanks to the physical-geographical characteristics of its position. In the southern side is situated the Ksamil Peninsula, with a coastline about 25km long and a 14km 2 surface, as well as Butrint, with a surface of 22 km 2 , two areas with a contrasting relieve and background of rare beauty regarding their natural, ecological and archaeological aspects. In front of them is located the Corfu island. In the course of World War Second, its name turns from Sarande into Porto Edda, in honour of the daughter of Italian fascist leader, Benito Mussolini.

Sarande is situated in South-Western Albania, in the seaside of Ionian Sea, built in the bay under the same name and is about 300km away from capital city, Tirana. It counts a linear stretch of about 3km along the coastline and a width that varies up to 1 km. Sarande city is included in a rare hydrographical circle due to water resources and their peculiarity, including Bistrice River, Kalasa River, who due to drainages are diverted through Cuke Chanel to end up in the Ionian Sea, Pavlla River, Buthrotum Lake, as well as strong springs of Navarica, etc. It is characterized by a typical subtropical Mediterranean climate with a hot and dry summer and cool and humid winter, where the sea calms the climate. The average annual temperature is 16 -18 °C, whereas in the cold months the average temperature marks 8 -10°C. The quantity of sunny days is 270 days or 2583 hours of sun per year, respectively 10-12 hours of sun in the summer months. The water temperature in July-August reaches to 23 -25°C, which begin since the second 10 days of May and end in early November, about 180 days, highest period in the Mediterranean region.

Saranda preserves in its bay thousand year old treasure of an ancient civilization and culture, whose traces are present also nowadays. In the Antiquity is known with the name Ohnesm, based on the Trojan legend according to Vergil, who connects it to the father of Trojan hero, Aeneas. Six mosaics have been preserved until today in different points of Onhesm city and existence of the Aphrodite’s Temple, built by Trojans, is still mentioned.